These release notes contain information about features and their status in the X.Org Foundation X11R7.6 release.
Table of Contents
Two of the early leaders of the X Window System community were lost to cancer this year — Smokey Wallace, who led the DEC WSL team which created the initial implementation of X11, and Hideki Hiura from Sun Microsystems who helped design the X11R6 internationalization framework. This release is dedicated to their memory.
This release is the seventh modular release of the X Window System™. The next full release will be X11R7.7 and is expected in 2011.
Unlike X11R1 through X11R6.9, X11R7.x releases are not built from one monolithic source tree, but many individual modules. These modules are distributed as individual source code releases, and each one is released when it is ready, instead of only when the overall window system is ready for release. The X11R7.x releases are made by “rolling up” the individual module releases into a collection that is often affectionately called the “katamari” by the developers.
The X11R7.6 release does not include all of the software formerly included in the previous X Window System releases. It is designed to be a reasonable baseline from which to start when building the window system for the first time for a new installation, distribution, or package set. It does not provide a full desktop environment, expecting a more feature rich set of applications to be installed from one of the several excellent desktop environments available for the X Window System. The X.Org developers continue to maintain and produce new releases of much of the software that was formerly in the main window system releases but is no longer included in the katamari releases, including many of the Athena Widgets desktop applications that were provided as samples in previous window system versions.
Once their window system build is established, most builders watch for announcements of individual module updates on the xorg-announce mailing list and update to those as needed. The X.Org Foundation currently releases the X Window System katamari releases approximately once a year, but many modules, especially the X servers and drivers, are updated more frequently between those releases.
For help with how to build and develop in the modular tree see the Modular Developer's Guide in the X.Org wiki.
We encourage you to report bugs using freedesktop.org's
bug tracking system using the xorg product, and to
submit bug fixes and enhancements to
More details on patch submission and review process are available
on the SubmittingPatches page of the X.Org wiki.
The release numbering is based on the original MIT X numbering system. X11 refers to the version of the network protocol that the X Window system is based on: Version 11 was first released in 1988 and has been stable for 22 years, with only upward compatible additions to the core X protocol, a record of stability envied in computing. Formal releases of X started with X version 9 from MIT; the first commercial X products were based on X version 10. The MIT X Consortium and its successors, the X Consortium, the Open Group X Project Team, and the X.Org Group released versions X11R3 through X11R6.6. Since the founding of the X.Org Foundation in early 2004, many further releases have been issued, from X11R6.7 to the current 7.6.
The next section describes what is new in the latest full release (7.6) compared with the previous full release (7.5).
This is a sampling of the new features in X11R7.6. A more complete list of changes can be found in the ChangeLog files that are part of the source of each X module.
InputClass sections in Xorg
configuration files are used to apply configuration options to any
input device matching specified rules, such as device path, type of
device, device manufacturer, or other data provided by the input
hotplug backend. Details can be found in the
INPUTCLASS section of the xorg.conf(5) manual page.
Xorg configuration directories are
used to allow fragments of the X server configuration to be
delivered in individual files. For instance, the input device
driver matching rules previously provided in HAL
.fdi files are now provided as
InputClass sections in
.conf files in a
udev is now used by the X server on Linux systems for input device discovery and hot-plug notification. Other platforms continue to use the HAL framework for these tasks for now.
X protocol C-language Binding (XCB)
is now included in the katamari, and is required by several
client-side modules, including
xwininfo. XCB is a replacement
for Xlib featuring a small footprint, latency hiding, direct access
to the protocol, improved threading support, and extensibility.
More information can be found on the XCB website at
Major progress has been made on the X.Org Documentation
modernization - most of the library and protocol specifications are
now included in the modules for those libraries and protocols so
they can be updated in sync with new versions, and many have been
converted to DocBook XML from the variety of formats they were
previously in. On most systems these documents will be installed
/usr/share/doc/. They are also
posted on the X.Org website at http://www.x.org/releases/X11R7.6/.
Video and input driver enhancements. Please see the ChangeLog files for individual drivers; there are far too many updates to list here.
... and the usual assortment of correctness and crash fixes.
On most platforms, X11R7.6 has a single hardware-driving X server binary called Xorg. This binary can dynamically load the video drivers, input drivers, and other modules that are needed. Xorg has currently has support for Linux, Solaris, and some BSD OSs on Alpha, PowerPC, IA-64, AMD64, Intel x86, Sparc, and MIPS platforms.
Additional specialized X server binaries may be found depending on the platform and build configuration, including:
is a proxy X server that uses one or more other X servers as its display devices. It provides multi-head X functionality for displays that might be located on different machines.
is a nested X server, that operates as both an X client and X server. Xnest is a client of the real server which manages windows and graphics requests on its behalf. Xnest is a server to its own clients, and manages windows and graphics requests on their behalf. To these clients, it appears to be a conventional server.
is a X server that outputs to a window on a pre-existing “host” X display. Unlike Xnest which is an X proxy, and thus limited to the capabilities of the host X server, Xephyr is a full X server which uses the host X server window as a “framebuffer” via fast SHM XImages.
is a virtual framebuffer X server that can run on machines with no display hardware and no physical input devices. It emulates a dumb framebuffer using virtual memory.
is an X server that interacts with the MacOS X native Aqua window system, displaying windows on the Mac desktop and accepting input from the Mac system devices, allowing X11 applications to be used in a native Mac desktop session.
is an X server that runs under the Cygwin environment, interacting with the Microsoft Windows native window system, displaying windows on the Windows desktop and accepting input from the Windows system devices, allowing X11 applications to be used in a native Windows desktop session.
X11R7.6 includes the following video drivers:
|Driver Name||Description||Further Information|
||Alliance Pro Motion||apm(4)|
||Chips & Technologies||chips(4)|
||Linux framebuffer device||fbdev(4)|
||AMD Geode GX and LX|
||Integrated Micro Solns|
||S3 (not ViRGE or Savage)||s3(4)|
||SiS & XGI||sis(4)|
||Sun GX and Turbo GX|
||Sun Creator/3D, Elite 3D||sunffb(4)|
||Sun Leo (ZX)|
||3Dfx Voodoo Banshee, 3, 4 & 5||tdfx(4)|
||VMware guest OS||vmware(4)|
||3Dfx Voodoo 1 & 2||voodoo(4)|
Drivers marked with (*) are present in a preliminary form in this release, but are not complete and/or stable yet.
Drivers marked with (+) are for Linux/Sparc only.
Drivers marked with (-) are for Linux/mips only.
X11R7.6 includes the following input drivers:
|Driver Name||Description||Further Information|
||Aiptek USB tablet|
||Linux kernel EvDev||evdev(4)|
||generic keyboards (non-evdev systems)|
||most mouse devices (non-evdev systems)|
||Synaptics & ALP touchpads||synaptics(4)|
||VMWare virtual mouse||vmmouse(4)|
Drivers marked with (*) are available for Linux only.
The Xorg server relies on the operating system's native module loader support for handling program modules. The X server makes use of modules for video drivers, X server extensions, input device drivers, framebuffer layers, and internal components used by some drivers (like XAA & EXA).
The module interfaces (both API and ABI) used in this release are subject to change without notice. While we will attempt to provide backward compatibility for the module interfaces, we cannot guarantee this. Compatibility in the other direction is explicitly not guaranteed because new modules may rely on interfaces added in new releases.
The X server runs with root privileges, i.e., the X server loadable modules also run with these privileges. For this reason we recommend that all users be careful to only use loadable modules from reliable sources, otherwise the introduction of viruses and contaminated code can occur and wreak havoc on your system. We hope to have a mechanism for signing/verifying the modules that we provide available in a future release.
The Xorg server uses a configuration file as the primary mechanism for providing configuration and run-time parameters. The configuration file format is described in detail in the xorg.conf(5) manual page.
Note that this release features significant improvements for running the server without a configuration file, so many users may find that that they don't need a configuration file.
The recommended method for generating a configuration file is to use the Xorg server itself. Run as root:
and follow the instructions.
Command line options can be used to override some default parameters and parameters provided in the configuration file. These command line options are described in the Xorg(1) manual page.
Some multi-head configurations are supported in X11R7.6. Support for multiple PCI/AGP cards may require a kernel with changes to support VGA arbitration.
One of the main problems is with drivers not sufficiently initializing cards that were not initialized at boot time. This has been improved somewhat with the INT10 support that is used by most drivers (which allows secondary card to be "soft-booted", but in some cases there are other issues that still need to be resolved. Some combinations can be made to work better by changing which card is the primary card (either by using a different PCI slot, or by changing the system BIOS's preference for the primary card).
Xinerama is an X server extension that allows multiple physical screens connected to multiple video devices to behave as a single screen. With traditional multi-head in X11, windows cannot span or cross physical screens. Xinerama removes this limitation. Xinerama does, however, require that the physical screens all have the same root depth, so it isn't possible, for example, to use an 8-bit screen together with a 16-bit screen in Xinerama mode.
Xinerama is not enabled by default, and can be enabled with the
+xinerama command line option for the X
server. Note that enabling Xinerama may disable certain other
extensions which are not compatible with Xinerama.
The VESA® Display Data Channel (DDC™) standard allows the monitor to tell the video card (or in some cases the computer directly) about itself; particularly the supported screen resolutions and refresh rates.
Partial or complete DDC support is available in most of the
video drivers. DDC is enabled by default, but can be disabled with
a "Device" section entry:
"NoDDC". We have support for DDC versions 1 and 2; these can
be disabled independently with
At startup the server prints out DDC information from the display, and can use this information to set the default monitor parameters, or to warn about monitor sync limits if those provided in the configuration file don't match those that are detected.
Several drivers use DDC information to set the screen size and
pitch. This can be overridden by explicitly resetting it to the and
non-DDC default value 75 with the
75 command line option for the X server, or by specifying
appropriate screen dimensions with the "DisplaySize" keyword in the
"Monitor" section of the config file.
Direct rendered OpenGL® support is provided for several hardware platforms by the Direct Rendering Infrastructure (DRI). Further information about DRI can be found at the DRI Project's web site. The 3D core rendering component is provided by Mesa.
Of note is that this release supports building the X server using xsthe system-wide libdrm. Previously, drm was kept in the server's tree and loaded as a module, rather than using the standard OS mechanisms for managing shared libraries of code. This requires that the server be built using a version of libdrm of 2.3.0 or newer if it is to use DRM.
The Xorg server has previously allowed users to exit the server by pressing the keys Control + Alt + Backspace. While this function is still enabled by default in this release, the keymap data usually used with Xorg, from the xkeyboard-config project, has been modified to not map that sequence by default, in order to reduce the chance that inexperienced users will accidentally destroy their work.
Users who wish to have this functionality available by default
may enable it via the XKB configuration option “
terminate:ctrl_alt_bksp”. For instance, the
setxkbmap command can
be used to enable this by running:
setxkbmap -option "terminate:ctrl_alt_bksp"
XKB Configuration Guide also includes an example xorg.conf.d
file that sets the “
option by default on all keyboards. Many desktop environments include
XKB configuration options in their preferences to enable this as well.
The X servers in the X11R7.6 release now start by default with
an empty black screen and do not draw the mouse cursor until a
client sets the cursor image. To restore the classic behavior of
starting with the grey weave pattern and × cursor, start the X
server with the
Details about the font support in X11R7.6 can be found in the “Fonts in X11R7.6” document.
Previous versions of X installed font files under the
lib/X11/fonts subdirectory of the X
installation directory (for instance, in X11R6 releases,
/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts was commonly
used). This release uses the default installation path of the
fonts subdirectory of the
datadir setting from the GNU autoconf
configuration. For instance, if the fonts are configured with
--prefix=/usr, they will be installed under
The font module configure scripts all take an option of
--with-fontrootdir= to override the default.
--with-fontrootdir is not specified,
fontutil pkg-config file will be
consulted to find the
specified when the
The X11R7.6 release supports PCF format bitmap fonts stored
uncompressed or compressed via the
To utilize bzip2 compression, the
must be built with the
all other methods are enabled by default.
To specify which compression method to use when installing a
font module from X11R7.6 the configure scripts accept an option of
TYPE may be
Previous versions of X came with two Postscript Type1 font backends. The functionality from the “Type1” backend has been replaced by the Type1 support in the “FreeType” backend.
Most of the modules in this release use the
AM_SILENT_RULES option of GNU automake 1.11. When
building the software, most output will show an abbreviated format
for the commands being run, such as:
To enable verbose output, showing all the arguments to the
commands being run, add the flag
the make command line
or add the flag
to the configure command.
The bitmap font modules now accept a configure option of
--disable-all-encodings to set the
default for all encodings to off, requiring builders to then pass
--enable- flags for
each encoding to be built.
As many more modules now contain documentation to be converted from DocBook XML to text, HTML, PostScript, and/or PDF formats, new standard options have been added to the configure macros to control the build of these in the modules.
Enables or disables use of the xmlto command to translate DocBook XML to other formats. All DocBook XML conversions require use of this command.
Enables or disables use of the Apache fop command to translate DocBook XML to PostScript and PDF formats.
Enables or disables the build and installation of all documentation except traditional man pages or those covered by the --enable-devel-docs and --enable-specs options.
Enables or disables the build and installation of documentation for developers of the X.Org software modules.
Enables or disables the build and installation of the formal specification documents for protocols and APIs.
This section describes other items of note for the X11R7.6 release.
The socket directories created in
are now required to be owned by root and
have their sticky-bit set. If the permissions are not set
correctly, the component using this directory will print an error
message and fail to start. Common socket directories that are known
to be affected include:
/tmp/.font-unix /tmp/.ICE-unix /tmp/.X11-unix
These directories are used by the font server (xfs), applications using the Inter-Client Exchange protocol (ICE) and the X server, respectively.
There are several solutions to the problem of when to create
these directories. They could be created at install time by the
system's installer if the
/tmp dir is
persistent. They could be created at boot time by the system's boot
scripts (e.g., the
Or, they could be created by PAM modules at service startup or user
The solution chosen is platform dependent, and the system administrator should be able to handle creating those directories on any systems that do not have the correct ownership or permissions.
This section lists current plans for removal of obsolete or
deprecated components in the X.Org releases. As our releases are
open source, users who continue to require these can find the
source in previous releases and continue to use these, but the
X.Org Foundation and its volunteers have decided the burden of
continued maintenance and distribution in the core X11 releases
outweighs the benefits of doing so. In some cases, this is simply
because no one has volunteered to do continued maintenance, so if
software is listed here that you need, you can contact
to volunteer to take over maintainership, either inside or outside
of the Xorg release process.
DGA version 2
DGA 2.0 is included in 7.6. Documentation for the client libraries can be found in the XDGA(3) man page. DGA should be considered deprecated; if you are relying on it, please let us know what you need it for so we can find better solutions. In this release, support has been removed for all DGA rendering and mapping code, leaving just mode setting and raw input device access.
Input device discovery via HAL
The Xorg server currently uses the HAL
framework to discover connected input devices, receive
notification of hotplug events for them, and to retrieve
configuration parameters for them. The HAL maintainers have
deprecated HAL, so the X.Org developers have begun replacement with
alternatives. As a result, configuration of input devices via HAL
The Xprint server and extension were previously removed from X11R7.5. This release removes Xprint support from a number of client programs that still had it.
The experimental Xsdl server has never been finished or maintained, and was removed in this release.
Support has been removed from the X servers for the following extensions, which were obsolete, not widely used, or not working:
This section lists the credits for the X11R7.6 release. For a
more detailed breakdown, refer to the ChangeLog file in the source
tree for each module, the history in the xorg product
in freedesktop.org's git repositories or the '
git log' information for
individual source files.
The X Window System has been a collaborative effort from its inception. Our apologies for anyone or organization inadvertently overlooked. Many individuals (including major contributors) who worked on X are represented by their employers in this list. If you feel we have left anyone out, please let us know.
These people contributed in some way to X11R7.6 since the release of X11R7.5:
|Aaron Plattner||Kok, Auke|
|Aaron Zang||Kristian Høgsberg|
|Adam Jackson||Kusanagi Kouichi|
|Adam Tkac||Lee Leahu|
|Adrian 'Dagurashibanipal' von Bidder||Leif Middelschulte|
|Adrian Bunk||Leonardo Chiquitto|
|Alan Coopersmith||Lubos Lunak|
|Alberto Milone||Luc Verhaegen|
|Alex Deucher||Luca Tettamanti|
|Alex Warg||Ma Ling|
|Alexander Kabaev||Maarten Maathuis|
|Alp Toker||Macpaul Lin|
|Andrej Gelenberg||Magnus Kessler|
|Andres Salomon||Marc Majka|
|Andrew Chant||Marcin Baczyński|
|Andrew Randrianasulu||Marcin Kościelnicki|
|Andrzej Hajda||Marcin Slusarz|
|Andy Furniss||Marek Olšák|
|Andy Ritger||Mario Kleiner|
|Antoine Latter||Mark Kettenis|
|Arkadiusz Miśkiewicz||Marko Myllynen|
|Arnaud Fontaine||Markus Duft|
|Auke Kok||Markus Gapp|
|Bart Massey||Markus Strobl|
|Bartek Iwaniec||Mart Raudsepp|
|Bartosz Brachaczek||Martin Ettl|
|Ben Byer||Martin Otte|
|Ben Hutchings||Martin Pärtel|
|Ben Skeggs||Martin-Éric Racine|
|Benjamin Close||Márton Németh|
|Benjamin Tissoires||Matt Dew|
|Bernhard R. Link||Matt Turner|
|Bob Ham||Matteo Delfino|
|Brian Paul||Matthias Hopf|
|Brice Goglin||Matthieu Herrb|
|Bryce Harrington||Matthijs Kooijman|
|Carl Worth||Michael Cree|
|Carlos Garnacho||Michael Jansen|
|Carsten Meier||Michael Olbrich|
|Cedric Cellier||Michael Ost|
|Chase Douglas||Michael Stapelberg|
|Chris Bagwell||Michael Vogt|
|Chris Ball||Michał Górny|
|Chris Dekter||Michel Dänzer|
|Chris Humbert||Mikhail Gusarov|
|Chris Wilson||Nicolai Hähnle|
|Christian Bühler||Nicolas Boullis|
|Christian Hartmann||Nicolas George|
|Christian Zander||Nicolas Reinecke|
|Christoph Pfister||Nigel Tamplin|
|Christopher James Halse Rogers||Nirbheek Chauhan|
|Cody Maloney||Oldřich Jedlička|
|Colin Harrison||Oliver McFadden|
|Colin Watson||Olivier Samyn|
|Cooper Yuan||Osamu Sayama|
|Corbin Simpson||Oswald Buddenhagen|
|Csillag Kristof||Otavio Salvador|
|Cyril Brulebois||Owain G. Ainsworth|
|Dan Nicholson||Owen W. Taylor|
|Daniel Drake||Patrick Caulfield|
|Daniel Kahn Gillmor||Patrick Curran|
|Daniel Stone||Patrick E. Kane|
|Dave Airlie||Patrick Guimond|
|David Ge||Paul Bender|
|David James||Paul Loewenstein|
|David Ronis||Paul "TBBle" Hampson|
|David Woodhouse||Pauli Nieminen|
|Diego 'Flameeyes' Pettenò||Paulo César Pereira de Andrade|
|Dima Kogan||Paulo Ricardo Zanoni|
|Dirk Wallenstein||Peter Harris|
|Dmitry Torokhov||Peter Hutterer|
|Dominik Jasiok||Peter Korsgaard|
|Donnie Berkholz||Petr Salinger|
|Eamon Walsh||Philippe Ribet|
|Ed Schouten||Pierre-Loup A. Griffais|
|Edward Moy||Rami Ylimäki|
|Edward O'Callaghan||Rémi Cardona|
|Egbert Eich||Rémi Denis-Courmont|
|Eric Anholt||Richard Barnette|
|Éric Piel||Richard Purdie|
|Eric Sesterhenn||Rob Taylor|
|Fabio Pedretti||Robert Bragg|
|Fernando Carrijo||Robert Hooker|
|Francisco Jerez||Robert Morell|
|Frank Huang||Roel Kluin|
|Fredrik Höglund||Roland Scheidegger|
|Gabor Z. Papp||Ruediger Oertel|
|Gaetan Nadon||Ryan Hajdaj|
|Geoffrey Li||Sam Lau|
|Guillem Jover||Sami Farin|
|Hans Nieser||Samuel Thibault|
|Heikki Lindholm||Sascha Hlusiak|
|Henning Sten||Sedat Dilek|
|Henry Zhao||Shunichi Fuji|
|Hiroyuki Ikezoe||Simon Farnsworth|
|Horst Wente||Simon Thum|
|Hunk Cui||Søren Sandmann Pedersen|
|Ian Osgood||Thien-Thi Nguyen|
|Ian Romanick||Thomas Coppi|
|Ingmar Vanhassel||Thomas Hellstrom|
|Jakob Bornecrantz||Thomas Hunger|
|James Cloos||Thomas Jaeger|
|James Jones||Tiago Vignatti|
|James Le Cuirot||Tilman Sauerbeck|
|Jamey Sharp||Tim Yamin|
|Jan Hauffa||Timo Aaltonen|
|Jens Petersen||Timo Myyra|
|Jeremy Huddleston||Tobias Droste|
|Jeremy Kolb||Tobias Koch|
|Jeroen Hoek||Tollef Fog Heen|
|Jerome Glisse||Tomas Carnecky|
|Jesse Adkins||Tomáš Chvátal|
|Jesse Barnes||Tormod Volden|
|Jim Ingram||Trevor Woerner|
|Jim Ramsay||Ville Syrjälä|
|Joachim Breitner||Vincent Torri|
|Jon TURNEY||Walter Harms|
|Josh Triplett||Will Thompson|
|Julien Danjou||Xavier Chantry|
|Juliusz Chroboczek||Xiaoyang Yu (Max)|
|Justin Mattock||Y.C. Chen|
|Kalle Olavi Niemitalo||Yaakov Selkowitz|
|Karl Tomlinson||Yang Zhao|
|Kees Cook||Yann Droneaud|
|Keith Packard||Yannick Heneault|
|Kenneth Graunke||Zephaniah E. Hull|
|Kevin E Martin||Zhao Yakui|
|Kevin Van Vechten|
This product includes software developed by:
|2d3d Inc.||Kevin E. Martin|
|3Dlabs Inc. Ltd.||Kim woelders|
|Aaron Plattner||Kristian Høgsberg|
|Adam de Boor||Larry Wall|
|Adam Jackson||Lars Knoll|
|Adobe Systems Inc.||Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory|
|Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.||Leif Delgass|
|After X-TT Project||Lennart Augustsson|
|AGE Logic Inc.||Leon Shiman|
|Alan Coopersmith||Lexmark International Inc.|
|Alan Cox||Linus Torvalds|
|Alan Hourihane||Linuxcare Inc.|
|Alexander Gottwald||Lorens Younes|
|Alex Deucher||Luc Verhaegen|
|Alex Williamson||Machine Vision Holdings Inc.|
|Alexei Gilchrist||Mandriva Linux|
|Anders Carlsson||Manfred Brands|
|Andreas Luik||Manish Singh|
|Andreas Monitzer||Marc Aurele La France|
|Andreas Robinson||Mark Adler|
|Andrei Barbu||Mark J. Kilgard|
|Andrew C Aitchison||Mark Kettenis|
|Andrey A. Chernov||Mark Leisher|
|Andy Ritger||Mark Smulders|
|Angus Lees||Mark Vojkovich|
|Ani Joshi||Martin Husemann|
|Anton Zioviev||Marvin Solomon|
|Apollo Computer Inc.||Massachusetts Inst. Of Technology|
|Apple Computer Inc.||Matrox Graphics|
|Apple Inc.||Matt Dew|
|Ares Software Corp.||Matthew Grossman|
|Arnaud LE HORS||Matthias Hopf|
|Arne Schwabe||Matthias Ihmig|
|ASPEED Technology Inc.||Matthieu Herrb|
|AT&T Inc.||Metro Link Inc.|
|ATI Technologies Inc.||Michal Rehacek|
|Bart Massey||Michael Bax|
|Bart Trojanowski, Symbio Technologies, LLC||Michael H. Schimek|
|BEAM Ltd.||Michael P. Marking|
|Benjamin Herrenschmidt||Michael Schimek|
|Benjamin Rienfenstahl||Michael Smith|
|Ben Skeggs||Michel Dänzer|
|Beth Mardutho: The Syriac Institute||Mike A. Harris|
|Bigelow and Holmes||Mike Harris|
|Bill Reynolds||Ming Yu|
|Bitstream Inc.||MIPS Computer Systems Inc.|
|Bogdan Diaconescu||MontaVista Software Inc.|
|Branden Robinson||National Security Agency|
|Brian Fundakowski Feldman||National Semiconductor|
|Brian Goines||NCR Corporation Inc.|
|Bogdan D.||Neil Brown|
|Brian Paul||NetBSD Foundation|
|Bruce Kalk||Netscape Communications Corp.|
|Bruno Haible||Network Computing Devices Inc.|
|Bryan Stine||New Mexico State University|
|Bryan W. Headley.||Nicholas Joly|
|C. Scott Ananian||Nicholas Miell|
|Carl Switzky||Nicholas Wourms|
|Catharon Productions Inc.||Nicolai Haehnle|
|Charles Murcko||Noah Levitt|
|Chen Xiangyang||Nolan Leake|
|Chisato Yamauchi||Nokia Corporation|
|Chris Constello||Nokia Home Communications|
|Chris Salch||Novell Inc.|
|Christian Thaeter||Nozomi YTOW|
|Christian Zietz||NTT Software Corporation|
|Cognition Corp.||Number Nine Computer Corp.|
|Compaq Computer Corporation||Number Nine Visual Technologies|
|Concurrent Computer Corporation||NVIDIA Corporation|
|Conectiva S.A.||Oivier Danet|
|Corin Anderson||Oki Technosystems Laboratory Inc.|
|Corvin Zahn.||Olivetti Research Limited|
|Cronyx Ltd.||OMRON Corporation|
|Craig Struble||Open Software Foundation|
|Daewoo Electronics Co. Ltd.||Open Text Corporation|
|Dag-Erling Smørgrav||OpenedHand Ltd.|
|Dale Schumacher||Oracle Corp.|
|Damien Miller||Orest Zborowski|
|Daniel Berrange||Owen Taylor|
|Daniel Borca||Pablo Saratxaga|
|Daniel Stone||Panacea Inc.|
|Daniver Limited||Panagiotis Tsirigotis|
|Daryll Strauss||Paolo Severini|
|Data General Corporation||Pascal Haible|
|Dave Airlie||Patrick Lecoanet|
|David Bateman||Patrick Lerda|
|David Dawes||Paul Anderson|
|David E. Wexelblat||Paul Elliott|
|David Holland||Paul Mackerras|
|David J. McKay||Peter Breitenlohner|
|David McCullough||Peter Hutterer|
|David Mosberger-Tang||Peter Kunzmann|
|David Reveman||Peter Osterlund|
|David S. Miller||Peter Trattler|
|David Woodhouse||Phil Karlton|
|Davor Matic||Philip Blundell|
|Deron Johnson||Philip Homburg|
|Digeo Inc.||Philip Langdale|
|Dennis De Winter||Precision Insight Inc.|
|Digital Equipment Corporation||Prentice Hall|
|Dirk Hohndel||Quarterdeck Office Systems|
|Dmitry Golubev||Radek Doulik|
|Donnie Berkholz||Ralf Habacker|
|Doug Anson||Ranier Keller|
|Drew Parsons||Red Hat Inc.|
|Earle F. Philhower III||Regis Cridlig|
|Edouard TISSERANT||Rene Cougnenc|
|Eduard Fuchs||Richard A. Hecker|
|Eduardo Horvath||Richard Burdick|
|Egbert Eich||Rich Murphey|
|Egmont Koblinger||Rickard E. Faith|
|Elliot Lee||Rik Faith|
|Eric Anholt||Robert Chesler|
|Eric Fortune||Robert Millan|
|Eric Sunshine||Robert V. Baron|
|Erik Fortune||Robert W. Scheifler|
|Erik Nygren||Robin Cutshaw|
|Evans & Sutherland Computer Corp.||Roland Mainz|
|Fabio Massimo Di Nitto||Roland Scheidegger|
|Fabrizio Gennari||Ronny Vindenes|
|Fedor P. Goncharov||Russ Blaine|
|Felix Kühling||Ryan Breen|
|Finn Thoegersen||Ryan Lortie|
|Francesco Zappa Nardelli||Ryan Underwood|
|Frank C. Earl||S. Lehner|
|Florian Loitsch||S3 Graphics Inc.|
|Francisco Jerez||Sam Leffler|
|Fred Hucht||Santa Cruz Operation Inc.|
|Frederic Lepied||Sascha Hlusiak.|
|Fredrik Höglund||SciTech Software|
|Free Software Foundation||Scott Laird|
|Fujitsu Limited||Sebastien Marineau|
|Fujitsu Open Systems Solutions Inc.||Serge Winitzki|
|Fuji Xerox Co. Ltd.||Sergey Vovk|
|Gaetan Nadon||Shigehiro Nomura|
|Gareth Hughes||ShoGraphics Inc.|
|Geert Uytterhoeven||Shunsuke Akiyama|
|George Fufutos||Silicon Graphics Computer Systems|
|George Sapountzis||Silicon Graphics, Inc.|
|Gerrit Jan Akkerman||Silicon Integrated Systems Corp|
|Gerry Toll||Silicon Motion Inc.|
|Ghozlane Toumi||Simon P. Cooper|
|Glenn G. Lai||Simon Thum|
|GNOME Foundation||Snitily Graphics Consulting Services|
|Go Watanabe||Sony Corporation|
|Google Summer of Code participants||Søren Sandmann|
|Gregory Mokhin||Stanislav Brabec|
|Greg Parker||Stefan Bethge|
|GROUPE BULL||Stefan Dirsch|
|Guillem Jover||Stefan Gmeiner|
|Guy Martin||Stephane Marchesin|
|Hans Oey||Stephan Lang|
|Harald Koenig||Steven Lang|
|Harm Hanemaayer||Stuart Kreitman|
|Harold L Hunt II||Sun Microsystems Inc.|
|Harry Langenbacher||SunSoft Inc.|
|Hartwig Felger||SuSE Inc|
|Henry A. Worth||Sven Luther|
|Henry Davies||Takis Psarogiannakopoulos|
|Hewlett-Packard Company||Takuma Murakami|
|Hideki Hiura||Takuya SHIOZAKI|
|Hitachi Ltd.||T. A. Phelps|
|Holger Veit||Tektronix Inc.|
|Hong Bo Peng||Theo de Raadt|
|Howard Greenwell||Theodore Ts'o|
|Hummingbird Communications Ltd.||The Open Group|
|Ian Romanick||The Unichrome Project|
|IBM Corporation||The Weather Channel Inc.|
|Inst. of Software Academia Sinica||Thomas E. Dickey|
|Intel Corporation||Thomas G. Lane|
|INTERACTIVE Systems Corporation||Thomas Hellström|
|Itai Nahshon||Thomas Mueller|
|Itronix Inc.||Thomas Roell|
|Ivan Kokshaysky||Thomas Thanner|
|Ivan Pascal||Thomas Winischhofer|
|Jakub Jelinek||Thomas Wolfram|
|Jamey Sharp||Tiago Gons|
|Jason Bacon||Tilman Sauerbeck|
|Jaymz Julian||Todd C. Miller|
|Jean-loup Gailly||Tomohiro KUBOTA|
|Jeff Hartmann||Torrey Lyons|
|Jeff Kirk||Torrey T. Lyons|
|Jeffrey Hsu||TOSHIBA Corp.|
|Jehan Bing||Toshimitsu Tanaka|
|Jeremy C. Reed||Travis Tilley|
|Jeremy Katz||Trolltech AS|
|Jeremy Huddleston||Troy D. Hanson|
|Jerome Glisse||Tungsten Graphics Inc.|
|Jesse Barnes||Tuomas J. Lukka|
|Jim Gettys||Ty Sarna|
|Jim Tsillas||UCHIYAMA Yasushi|
|Joerg Sonnenberger||Unicode Inc.|
|John Dennis||UniSoft Group Limited|
|John Harper||University of California|
|John Heasley||University of South Australia|
|Jonathan Adamczewski||University of Utah|
|Jon Block||University of Wisconsin|
|Jon Smirl||UNIX System Laboratories Inc.|
|Jon Tombs||URW++ GmbH|
|Jörg Bösner||Valery Inozemtsev|
|Jorge Delgado||VA Linux Systems|
|José Fonseca||VIA Technologies Inc.|
|Josh Triplett||Video Electronics Standard Assoc.|
|Joseph Friedman||VMware Inc.|
|Joseph P. Skudlarek||Vrije Universiteit|
|Joseph V. Moss||Wittawat Yamwong|
|Julio M. Merino Vidal||Wyse Technology Inc.|
|Juan Romero Pardines||X Consortium|
|Juliusz Chroboczek||XFree86 Project Inc.|
|Jyunji Takagi||Xi Graphics Inc.|
|Kaleb Keithley||X-Oz Technologies|
|Kazushi (Jam) Marukawa||X-TrueType Server Project|
|Kazuyuki (ikko-) Okamoto||X.Org Foundation|
|Kazutaka YOKOTA||XGI Technology|
|Kean Johnston||Yu Shao|
|Keith Packard||Zack Rusin|
|Keith Whitwell||Zephaniah E. Hull|
|Kensuke Matsuzaki||Zhenyu Wang|
This product includes software developed by The XFree86 Project, Inc (http://www.xfree86.org/) and its contributors.
This product includes software that is based in part on the work of the FreeType Team (http://www.freetype.org/).
This product includes software developed by the University of California, Berkeley and its contributors.
This product includes software developed by Christopher G. Demetriou.
This product includes software developed by the NetBSD Foundation, Inc. (http://www.netbsd.org/) and its contributors.
This product includes software developed by X-Oz Technologies (http://www.x-oz.com/).