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README for X11R7.7

README for X11R7.7

The X.Org Foundation

June 2012

X11R7.7 is an Open Source version of the X Window System that supports many UNIX® and UNIX-like operating systems (such as Linux, FreeBSD, NetBSD, OpenBSD, and Solaris) on a variety of platforms. This version is compatible with X11R7.6 and other X Window System implementations which support the X11 standard.

Table of Contents

What is X11R7.7?
Pointers to additional information
The Public Mailing Lists
Contributing to the X.Org Foundation's X efforts.
How to get the release
The current development tree
Reporting Bugs

What is X11R7.7?

X11R7.7 was the eighth release in the X11R7 series.

Specific release enhancements can be viewed in the Release Notes.

Most modern PC video hardware is supported in this release, and most PC video hardware that isn't supported explicitly can be used with the "vesa" driver. The Release Notes has a table showing the drivers provided with X11R7.7, and links to related documentation.

The X.Org Foundation X releases are produced by the X.Org Foundation. The X.Org Foundation is a member project of Software in the Public Interest (SPI), which operates as a scientific charity under IRS code 501(c)(3). The X.Org Foundation is chartered to develop and execute effective strategies which provide world-wide stewardship of the X Window System technology and standards. Membership in the X.Org Foundation is free to all participants. Applications for Membership are now being accepted, and active participants in the further development of the X Window Technology are invited to complete a membership application. The X11R7.7 release has been produced by the many contributors to the X.Org community and members of the X.Org Foundation and includes code from the X Consortium, the Open Group and the XFree86® Project. This release is dedicated to the greater X community, developers and users alike.


X Window System source code is covered by many licenses. All of these licenses have in common the fact that they do not impose significant conditions on the modification or redistribution or either source code or binaries beyond requiring one or more of the following:

  1. Copyright and/or license notices are left intact.

  2. Copyright and/or license notices are reproduced verbatim in documentation accompanying binary distributions.

  3. Attributions are included with documentation accompanying binaries.

Most of these licenses are based on the MIT, X Consortium, or BSD (original and revised) licenses. All of them are consistent with the Open Source Definition, and most are consistent with the Free Software Foundation's Free Software Definition.

Copyright and Licensing information for X, including the reproduction of copyright and/or license notices and attributions required by some of the licenses for binary distributions, can be found in the License Document. If you find any omissions in that document, please contact us with details at . While the current licenses are all open source licenses, the X.Org Foundation is attempting, with time, to bring as much as possible of the code's licenses in the distribution into compliance with the Debian Free Software Guidelines.

Pointers to additional information

The documentation for this release can be found online at the X.Org web site.

The X11 version numbering system (including historical information) can be found in the Versions Document.

Additional information may be available at the X.Org Foundation Wiki.

The Public Mailing Lists

Current information about the X.Org Foundation public mailing lists is available on the X.Org mailing list page and related desktop technology mailing lists can be found on's mailing list page.

Contributing to the X.Org Foundation's X efforts.

If you have any new work or enhancements/bug fixes for existing work, please submit them via the code management system. This will help ensure that they are included in future releases. More details on patch submission and review process are available on the SubmittingPatches page of the X.Org wiki.

How to get the release

Information about X11R7.7 can be found from the X.Org Foundation wiki, and at mirrors of this server.


X11R7.7 was the eighth release of the modular source code tree. The source code has been split into nine logical modules: app, data, doc, driver, font, lib. proto, util and xserver. Each of these modules contain one or more packages that can be configured, built and installed separately. Please see an X.Org release site for a complete list of the tarballs.

For information on how to build the modular tree packages see the Modular Developer's Guide. This guide also contains information for developers who want to help improve the modular build system and modular code base.

The current development tree

The X source code for this and all releases/snapshots as well as development versions can also be accessed via the git repository. It's also possible to browse the freedesktop git repository.

To check out the latest development version, don't specify any tag.

Reporting Bugs

Bugs should be reported to's code management system. Before reporting bugs, please check the server log file, which can be found at /var/log/Xorg.0.log on most platforms. If you can't resolve the problem yourself, send the entire log file with your bug report but not the operating system core dump. Do not edit the log file as our developers use it to reproduce and debug your problem. Please attach it to your bug report.